What is the purpose of Pupil Premium funding?
Schools receive additional income called the Pupil Premium. This money is allocated by the Government to help schools to support disadvantaged children from low income families and children in care. The amount of additional funding schools receive is based on: the number of children who are entitled to receive free school meals (FSM); the number of children who have been eligible for free school meals at any point in the last six years (known as ‘Ever 6 FSM’), and the number of looked after children (CLA).
Nationally, FSM pupils and looked after children achieve less well compared to other students. For example, there is a large gap in the attainment of FSM/CLA pupils and other pupils in terms of the percentage who achieve 5-9 in English and Maths. Pupil Premium money has been given to help schools narrow the gap.
The term ‘disadvantaged pupils’ is used to refer to only those pupils for whom the pupil premium provides support. In April 2014, eligibility for pupil premium funding was extended for looked after children to those who have been looked after for one day or more and children who were adopted from care or left care under a special guardianship order or a child arrangements order (previously a residence order). The term ‘disadvantaged pupils’ does not refer to pupils who receive support through the service premium of £300 per pupil.
Pupil Premium funding is allocated as follows. In the 2019-20 financial year, schools will receive the following funding for each pupil registered as eligible for free school meals (FSM) at any point in the last 6 years:
- £1,320 for pupils in reception to year 6
- £935 for pupils in year 7 to year 11
Schools will receive £2,300 (‘Pupil Premium Plus’) for any pupil: identified in the January 2019 school census or the alternative provision census as having left local authority care as a result of: ;adoption ;a special guardianship order ; a child arrangements order (previously known as a residence order); who has been in local authority care for 1 day or more; recorded as both eligible for FSM in the last 6 years and as being looked after (or as having left local authority care).
Schools are free to spend the Pupil Premium as they see fit. However, they are held accountable for how they have used the additional funding. Headteacher’s and school governing bodies are accountable for the impact of pupil premium funding in the following ways:
• performance tables, which show the performance of disadvantaged pupils compared with their peers
• requiring schools to publish details online each year of how they are using the pupil premium and the impact it is having on pupil achievement
• the Ofsted inspection framework, where inspectors focus on the attainment of pupil groups, and in particular those who attract the pupil premium
Barriers to learning
- Attendance – attendance below 95% has a negative impact on student progress. Persistent absence (below 90%) can seriously damage a student’s chance of future success. This is a significant barrier to learning for many disadvantaged students at the academy.
- Literacy – a significant proportion of students join the academy with low literacy levels, especially reading comprehension, which prevents students from accessing the curriculum and becoming a successful adult.
- Numeracy – a low level of numeracy on entry to the academy is also a significant barrier to learning for many of our disadvantaged students.
- Welfare – a significant proportion of our students need a range of support to help them address issues (social, emotional, family issues), which prevent them from making good progress in school.
- Aspirations – due to the selective nature of education in Kent, this and other factors such as lack of cultural capital mean that many of our students join us with low self-esteem and lack the knowledge, experiences and ambition when making choices about their future as featured in the Academy Performance Agreement.
- All of our work through the Pupil Premium Grant will be aimed at accelerating progress moving all students to age and ability related expectations.
- We aim to support students to break out of the ‘poverty trap’ by raising aspirations and broadening horizons.
- We will ensure that teaching and learning opportunities meet the needs of all our students.
- We will ensure that appropriate provision is made for disadvantaged students. This includes ensuring that the needs of socially disadvantaged students are assessed and addressed.
- Pupil Premium Funding will be linked to Academy priorities.
Click below to see Pupil Premium Funding and how it is allocated.